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What is Orthognathic Surgery?
Orthognathic surgery refers to jaw surgery. The word Orthognathic comes from a combination of two words. “Ortho” comes from the Greek word which means to straighten, while “gnathia” means jaws. Hence, Orthognathic surgery is a corrective jaw surgery procedure maxillofacial surgeons use to align your upper and lower jaws to its correct dental functional and aesthetic relationship. Jaw surgery in Singapore may involve oral maxillofacial surgery procedures, dental implant surgery and various treatment techniques deem necessary by the dental surgeon to achieve optimal function and aesthetic form of the jaw for the patient.
Who needs it jaw surgery treatment?
People who have jaw deformities. The patient may suffer from facial skeletal anomalies due to:
- jaw deviation resulting in facial asymmetry
- excessively short (hypoplastic) or long (hyperplastic) lower jaw. The lower jaw is also known as the mandible.excessively short lower jaw bones (hypoplastic) or long (hyperplastic) lower jaw bones. The lower jaw is also known as the mandible.
- hypoplastic or hyperplastic upper jaw sizes. The upper jaw is also known as the maxilla.
- reconstructive jaw surgery may be recommended for jaw deformities due to accident or disease.
Why do orthognathic surgery?
People with jaw deformities may be predisposed to:
- issues with self-esteem and confidence
- obstructive sleep apnea (a potentially serious sleep disorder)
- speech difficulties
- traumatic palatal ulcerations
- eating difficulties
- lip trap
- poor bite
- gum diseases
How is it jaw surgery treatment done?
In Singapore, we start preoperative jaw surgery planning with a clinical examination. The surgeon will spend time taking measurements of your face and taking note of your unique facial characteristics. We then take moulds of your teeth to see how the teeth currently fit together. Not all cases will require corrective jaw surgery, the dental specialist may then suggest a braces treatment plan to correct crooked teeth or dental implant(s) or a combination of both to correct your current jaw(s) problems. Should surgery be required, a treatment involving the combination of oral and maxillofacial surgery may be recommended.
Necessary radiographic investigations will be carried out on your teeth, jaw bones and jaw joint, all information incorporated, and the final, most functional and aesthetic position of your jaws will be planned with the latest digital software. Other blood tests, heart monitoring tests like ECG and chest x rays will be taken by our maxillofacial surgeon to ensure that you are suitable for and require oral and maxillofacial surgery.
Corrective jaw surgery in Singapore is performed under general anaesthesia. During oral maxillofacial surgery, planned bone cuts are placed in the maxilla or mandible. Once that is done, the mobilized segments of your jaw can be placed into the optimum relationship. These segments are secured in its new position by titanium plates and screws. These plates and screws usually do not need to be removed.
After the jaw surgery, you would normally stay in the hospital for 2-4 days. A special liquid diet will be prescribed for a period of 2 weeks. Thereafter, you will be able to start on a soft diet. Don’t worry if you lose some weight! Antibiotics, painkillers as well as other necessary medications will be prescribed.