What is Jaw Recontouring & Angle reduction to attain a V-Shaped Jawline (V-Shaped Face/V-Line Face)?
One of the most common questions plastic surgeons receive is “How to get ‘v’shape face”. A beauty ideal popularized by many South Korean celebrities, jaw recontouring is a cosmetic surgical procedure to make the lower jawline(mandible) look slimmer, thus changing your face shape, and can be combined with other forms of facial contouring. ‘V’ line surgery achieves this by grinding, shaving or removing strategic areas of excessive bone from the lower jaw to obtain a ‘V’ line face.
Angle reduction refers to a plastic surgery procedure that removes a part of the angle of the mandible to achieve a slender looking face, forming the much desired ‘V’ line face.
The V-shape jawline or V-line face as seen in many beauty celebrity faces in South Korea is created by combining genioplasty and jaw recontouring surgery, creating a procedure sometimes colloquially known as ‘V’ Line Surgery. Sometimes angle reduction as well as recontouring are carried out concurrently to shape the face, chin and jaw line to achieve the desired v line result.
The cosmetic results are permanent.
Who needs it?
Squarish lower face can be attributed to the soft tissues or hard tissues.
- Soft tissues:
Large hypertrophic (increase in size) masseter muscles (chewing muscles) at the angle of the jaw may be caused by teeth grinding or clenching (bruxism). Botulinium toxin injections to these large masseter muscles will allow the muscle to relax and look smaller. (Link to Botulinum Toxin Injection) Botulinum toxin treatment is temporary and another injection may be needed in a few months once the effects of the treatment wears off.
- Hard tissues:
Sometimes the squarish look may also be caused by the shape of the underlying jaw bone. People with a wide, angular lower jaw bone who desire a slender looking V-line face can opt to undergo this jaw recontouring and/or angle reduction permanently. This procedure is suitable for people who would like to look more feminine.
How is it done?
Jaw angle reduction and recontouring surgeries (v-line surgery) to create the ‘v’ face shape are performed under general anaesthesia and the incisions are done through the oral cavity. Hence, there will be no facial scarring. Your surgeon will examine you clinically and radiographically to see if you have a wide lower face line that is caused by the hypertrophic masseter muscles or the wide jaw (or chin) bone. He will then recommend the appropriate procedure to achieve the cosmetic objectives. Angle reduction involves removing the squarish portion of the bone at the angle of the mandible while jaw recontouring concentrates on removing wide portions of bone on the body of the mandible.
For people who further desire a v-shape jaw line or v-line face, a reduction genioplasty (chin surgery) is carried out to make the jaw look slimmer.
Postoperative care & Side Effects
After the surgery, you will stay in the hospital for one night. Antibiotics and analgesics and a mouth wash will be prescribed. You will also be placed on soft diet. Swelling skin and bruising skin on the chin, jaw and areas around the procedure are normal consequences of the plastic surgery.