Botulinum Toxin Injection - What is it?
Botulinum toxin injection is a non-surgical procedure that serves to relax muscles by inhibiting muscular contractions. It has several cosmetic and therapeutic effects. Besides working by paralysing the muscles so they can’t activate and pull the skin on (which causes the wrinkles), it can also help patients with bruxism (clenching or grinding) as well as prevent hyperhidrosis (over sweating or sweating at inappropriate situations). Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxic protein secreted by the motile bacterium Clostridium botulinum and exist in many forms, but the one that is used for cosmetic purposes is known as type A. It also contains sodium chloride and human albumin. It comes in powder form and is then diluted with saline for injection.
Who needs it?
People who want:
- Anti-aging therapy including less dynamic wrinkles such as forehead lines, frown lines, crows’ feet
- To reduce or prevent the unwanted effects of bruxism which can include temporomandibular problems including locked joints, myofascial pain, dental problems eg attrition, abfraction, cracked teeth. Botulinum Toxin injections works best in tandem with a mouth guard which can be worn at night during sleep
- Gummy smile (too much gum show when smiling)
- Frey’s syndrome (Gustatory sweating, sweating when eating, many times this occurs after salivary gland surgery)
- Hyperhidrosis of the scalp, face, forehead (Over-sweating or sweating at inappropriate times)
- Reduction of involuntary facial contractions
How is it done?
Botulinum Toxin is mixed and injected into strategic areas to achieve the appropriate cosmetic or therapeutic effects.
Patients can go back to work right after the injections.
Who is not suitable
- Breast feeding
- Neurological diseases such as Myasthenia Gravis, Lambert Eaton Disease
- Allergic reactions to Botulinum Toxin
- Allergic reactions to albumin